Someone who suffers from an addiction to alcohol will experience withdrawal symptoms associated with non-use of alcohol. Withdrawal symptoms typically occur hours after the last drink, but they can sometimes appear days later. Alcohol withdrawal symptoms are positively correlated with the amount of alcohol consumed each day. In other words, the heavier the drinker, the more likely they will be the develop withdrawal symptoms. Symptoms of alcohol withdrawal include psychological and physical symptoms. Some psychological symptoms include: anxiety, nervousness, fatigue, depression, jumpiness, unable to think clearly, nightmares, and mood swings. Physical symptoms include: dilated pupils, sleeping difficulty, headache, sweating, nausea and vomiting, and tremors.
Signs of severe symptoms include: delirium tremens—a state of confusion and visual hallucinations, fever, and seizures. A person should seek medical attention to be assessed for having alcohol withdrawals. A doctor will assess abnormal heart rhythms, dehydration, and shaky hands among a large variety of other symptoms. Once this is done, there are a variety of treatment options available to those who want to seek help and prevent trouble ahead. Treatment options can include inpatient detoxification or outpatient detoxification. Many take place outside of a hospital setting, but some intense programs require the person to stay in a hospital. There are a variety of programs available to the alcoholic. The alcoholic should find the program that best suits their needs and wants for the present and future. It is best to find a program that properly eliminates withdrawal symptoms while also keeps focus on the long-term goals of becoming alcohol-free!