Cocaine addiction is psychological dependency on the regular use of cocaine. It can also result in brain damage and cardiovascular, specifically in the central nervous system.the use of cocaine,depending on the severity, can cause mood swings, insomnia,high blood pressure,paranoia, psychosis, panic attacks, cognitive impairments and drastic changes in the personality that can lead to aggressive, criminal and erratic behaviors. Cocaine withdrawal symptoms also know as crash or comedown can be severe such as anxiety, dysphoria, depression, psychological and physical weakness,pain and compulsive craving. According to a study residents aged over 11 years who had used cocaine for the first time within 24 months prior assessment,becoming cocaine dependent within 2 years of first use is 5-6% and it increases to 15-16% after 10 years.
Cocaine can be smoked, snorted or injected, based on other characteristics, such as sex women are3.3 times more likely to become addicted, compared with men, those who start using at ages 12 or 13 were 4 times as likely to become addicted, compared with those who started between ages 18 and 20. The immediate craving for more soon after use is due to the short lived high that usually subsides within a hour, which leads to multi-dose binge use. When administration stops after binge use ,the user has a come down or a crash, and he or she has the onset of severely dysphonic mood with escalating exhaustion until sleep is achieved, which sometimes is accomplished by taking sleeping pills, or sedatives,or by use of alcohol. But the intense euphoria of such use can, as it has in many users, produce intense craving and develop rather quickly into addication.