A DRUG can be defined as any substance taken to modify, change, or heal something within the body. It has also been defined as a chemical compound that is used to help in the diagnosis, treatment, cure, or prevention of a human condition. Drugs are used to prevent illness, aid in the recovery of a cold, infection, or correcting an imbalance within a human or animal.
The word ‘drug’ comes from a Dutch/Low German word “droog” which translates to “dry”. Originally most drugs were derived from the parts of plants that were dried.
Drugs provide a very useful service if used as intended. They can help us conquer the common cold, overcome sleeplessness, and even enable us to prolong our lives and overcome cancer, heart, blood, thyroid, and mental heath issues/problems. Their uses are limitless, and they provide an invaluable service to many people. However, when taken inappropriately, misused, abused, and as other than intended, they can become harmful and destructive. Drugs can be very helpful in treating and healing. Drugs can also be abused and misused; many types of drugs are very addictive.
Each individual drug has its own uses, purposes, and addictive qualities. We have gathered a collection of drug information and factual articles in order to provide you with a greater understanding of drug addiction by knowing and understanding the many different types of drugs that are commonly abused.
Drug Specific Articles and Information
Click on Drug Names for More Information of that Specific Drug
Alcohol is a drug that is made from fermented grains and fruits combined with yeast, specifically the fermentation of sugar, starch and yeast. It produces a depressive effect on the user, and is quickly absorbed. Alcohol is used in social situations, and is commonly abused as it is one of the most readily available and easily accessible drugs.
Amphetamines are a wide range of stimulants. They include three closely related synthetic drugs – amphetamine, dexthamphetamines, and methamphetamines. These drugs are prescribed for several conditions, but are frequently abused. They are often abused by people who are trying to stay awake for a long time, such as truck drivers and clubbers, or by people who need to focus intensely, such as students. They have also been abused by people trying to lose weight.
Anorectic drugs are appetite suppressants, and are related to amphetamines. They were developed and marketed to replace amphetamines as appetite suppressants. These drugs are sometimes available over-the-counter and are commonly abused by people who are trying to lose weight.
Barbiturates are prescription sedatives that are available in multi-colored pills or tablet form. A barbiturate is a depressant drug that causes relaxation and drowsiness. These drugs are often taken as pills and sometimes injected into the veins or muscles. They make users feel drowsy or drunk.
The Benzodiazepines family of depressants is used therapeutically to produce sedation, induce sleep, relieve anxiety and muscle spasms, and to prevent seizures. A benzodiazepine is a tranquilizer that causes sedation and muscle relaxation and is also commonly known as Valium and Xanax. These drugs are taken in pill form for the tranquilized effects. They can cause drowsiness, lack of coordination and irritability.
Buprenorphine has been approved to be used in the opioid addiction treatment programs. This is a narcotic analgesic drug used to treat opioid addiction that causes effects similar to heroin. It is also commonly known as suboxone. Buprenorphine is a popular heroin substitute because of the similar high with low- level withdrawal symptoms.
Butorphanol is a synthetic analgesic that is primarily used to treat pain associated with migraines or during labor. Drug abuse of Butorphanol increased significantly after a nasal spray form of the drug was developed.
Club Drugs is a term used to describe a collection of drugs that are used frequently in clubs and at “raves”.
Cocaine is an addictive stimulant drug. Users of the drug report feelings of intense euphoria or an increase in energy. The drug is derived from the Erythroxylan Coca plant and is powerful. It can be found in many forms; however, it is illegal in any form.
Codeine is a prescription narcotic that is used to relieve pain. The drug is classified as an opiate analgesic as well as an antitussive. Codeine is typically used to suppress a cough or to mimic the body’s natural endorphins to relieve any pain the user has.
The freebase form of cocaine is known as “crack cocaine” due to its rocks like appearance. It is considered to be the most addictive form of cocaine and one of the most addictive substances in existence. Crack cocaine is the second most commonly used illegal or illicit drug in the United States. It is a less expensive hardened form of cocaine. Crack is typically smoked by users and produces a short but intense high giving feelings of massive self-confidence and euphoria.
Crystal Meth is a form of methamphetamine and is very similar to crack cocaine. In some cases, it is even referred to as “crank.” Crystal Meth is extremely addictive due to the feelings of well-being and happiness it produces. It is also extremely damaging to the body as it uses up the body’s resources rapidly.
Heroin is a refined form of opium which is made from the poppy plant. This drug is a narcotic and produces feelings of euphoria and drowsiness. Heroin is typically snorted or injected and is highly addictive and tolerance building.
This Schedule I drug is used as an anesthetic during surgery, an anti-depressant and for pain relief during emergencies. It is occasionally used to clear bronchial airways. Many times it is used for animals. This drug produces a dissociative effect, or out of body experience. This is the most widely known effect of this drug. It can also inhibit the ability to move and has been used as a date rape drug.
Marijuana, known as cannabis, contains psychoactive properties. The chemical responsible for the effects of this drug is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Marijuana is controversially used to treat some common medical conditions. It is available in multiple forms such as liquid, seed, bud, or numerous food applications.
Ecstasy is a laboratory created chemical that heightens the users feelings of emotional warmth, euphoria, and increased energy. The proper name for this synthetic psychoactive drug is MDMA ( 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine). Ecstasy is normally taken in the form of tablets or capsules.
Methamphetamine is a Central Nervous System stimulant that contributes to hyperactivity and loss of impulse control. This stimulant is highly addictive and is often abused. While it is a dangerous drug, it has been successfully used to treat ADHD and obesity.
Oxycontin is a strong narcotic used as relief of moderate to severe pain. Oxycontin is a drug that is often abused and used recreationally. This drug is great for pain, but is monitored heavily as it is can be habit forming.
Rohypnol and GHB
Rohypnol (GHB) is a benzodiazepine that causes sedation, reduction in anxiety, and relaxation. Because it is often abused, it is not produced, prescribed, or even legal in the United States.
Secobarbital is a barbiturate prescribed to help people fall asleep at night. It is also sometimes used during surgery to make people feel sleepy. People tend to become addicted to the drug after overmedicating due to anxiety or sleeplessness.
Seconal is a brand name of Secobarbital. It is a barbiturate that is used as a prescription sleep aid and is also used in surgeries. Abuse is common because people tend to overmedicate due to anxiety and sleeplessness.
Soma is a name brand form of carisoprodol. It is a prescription muscle relaxer that is used to help treat injuries and other painful musculoskeletal conditions. It often abused by people who take it with other drugs and is said to enhance the “high.”
Speed is a dangerous drug, and it is categorized as an amphetamine. It gives the user a feeling of great pleasure and increased mobility. The drug can be taken orally, or it can be snorted through the nasal passage. Speed is an extremely deadly and addictive drug. Other common names for speed are crystal meth, shabu, and ice.
Steroids come in a wide variety, but most steroids are used to help swelling and inflammation. Anabolic steroids are used to expedite the process of healing broken-down muscle tissues. Most steroids can be taken orally or injected into the bloodstream.
Stilnox is a sleep-aid drug that is used to treat people who suffer from insomnia. Stilnox is taken orally, and it should not be taken for more than four weeks at a time.
Sublimaze consists of a strong injection of the narcotic analgesic known as fentanyl citrate. The drug accumulates in skeletal muscle as well as fat. Compounds are then slowly released into the bloodstream. The drug is considerably stronger than morphine, and comes with a risk of dependency for those who abuse it.
Suboxone consists of a combination of naloxone and buprenorphine. The combination is generally used to treat narcotic opiate addictions. The drug could theoretically be misused as a powerful painkiller, and runs the same risk of dependency that the drugs it replaces do.
Buprenorphine, sold under the name subutex, is a powerful opioid medication. The drug is used to treat narcotic addiction. The drug’s label information explicitly states that it should not be used as a painkiller in most situations, but there are those who sometimes misuse it as such.
Symtan is a combination medication used to treat cough symptomatology as related to cold or influenza. This medication contains both a cough suppressant and narcotic. The most common form of abuse is either to take the medication frequently or a higher dosage than prescribed.
Temesta is a generic form of Lorazepam. Common treatment modality is for acute anxiety and secondarily epilepsy. Medication is prescribed for up to one month’s use. A common form of abuse is to take higher amounts than prescribed, or beyond time prescribed.
Tramadol is an opioid narcotic prescribed for moderate to severe pain relief. It is to be swallowed as packaged, not taken with other pain relievers. Common forms of abuse are chewing or snorting.
Tramal is the brand name for the non-narcotic pain reliever, Tramadol. It is primarily used to treat chronic pain such as back pain. It is often abused by people addicted to narcotics and may be habit forming.
Triazolam is the generic name of the drug Halcion. It is a benzodiazepine, used for people suffering from insomnia. It is often abused by people with a history of addiction and depression.
Tussionex is the brand name for the combination of the antihistamine chlorpheniramine and the narcotic cough suppressant hydrocodone. Tussionex is used to treat severe cold and flu symptoms. Highly addictive, this drug is often abused by addicts when illegal substances are not available, or to enhance the effects of illegal drugs.
Tylox is a combination of the narcotic pain reliever oxycodone and the anti-inflammatory pain reliever acetaminophen. Normally taken orally, it has the potential to become addictive, especially with long-term use.
Ultram has narcotic-like properties, being part of the opiate agonist family of drugs. It is used for the reduction of pain, is often prescribed to chronic pain suffers, and can be habit-forming. It comes in tablet form, and is taken orally. It is also known by the name Tramadol.
Valium belongs to the drug class called benzodiazepines. It is used in the treatment of anxiety, muscle spasms, and seizures. Potentially habit-forming, it is not recommended for extended use.
This medication/drug is a mixture of Tylenol (acetaminophen) and Hydrocodone (Lortab). It is considered a narcotic medication and can be highly addictive. The medicinal use for the drug is to reduce sensation felt by the central nervous system. This drug can cause mental and physical impairment.
Vicoprofen is an NSAID (nonsterioidal anti-inflammatory drug) that is used to treat pain that is rated as severe. However, due to the nature of the drug, it can become addictive and it can do severe liver damage if used for a prolonged period of time.
This is another name for the well-known drug naltrexone injections. It is usually used in psychological treatment. The main reason for its use is for treatment of drug and alcohol addiction. The intended purpose of this drug is to decrease the urge to drink or use drugs.
This prescription drug is used for people who have insomnia. It is a hypnotic drug that puts a patient to sleep within 15 minutes, but can produce visual hallucinations. It will not keep a person asleep for more than 2 or 3 hours. The most common form of abuse is to use this drug for its hypnotic effects and visual stimulation.
This is a combination medicine made up of Hydrocodone and acetaminophen. Hydrocodone is an opiate with addictive qualities, and its ability to relieve pain is boosted by the added acetaminophen. It is prescribed for patients with median to severe pain levels. This drug is abused mainly because it is a narcotic that produces a hypnotic effect on the user.
Contact 4Rehabilitation For More Information On Drugs
If you or someone you love have a drug addiction problem and you’re seeking help, contact 4Rehabilitation immediately for more drug info and the information needed to locate a rehab facility.